Lawyer – An attorney trained and licensed to prepare, administer, prosecute, or defend court proceedings as an agent for others, also providing advice on legal matters that may or may not require court action.
Lawyers apply the law to specific cases. She consults with clients, reviews documents, examines facts and evidence, writes pleadings, and submits them to court. At trial, they present evidence, examine witnesses, and address questions of law and facts. If you do not win, you can seek a new trial or relief in the Court of Appeal.
In many cases, lawyers can resolve cases without trial by negotiating, conciliating, or compromising. Laws also give individuals the power to mediate and decide their legal rights in a variety of matters and in a variety of ways, whether through a will, contract, or company bylaws, and lawyers help with many of these mediations. Since the 20th century, a rapidly developing field of attorney practice has been representing clients in administrative, court and legislative committees.
Lawyers have multiple loyalty points in their work, including loyalty to clients, judicial officials, communities, real-world colleagues, and themselves. When these loyalty conflicts, the standard of the profession is to influence reconciliation.
Legal practice varies from country to country. In the UK, lawyers are divided into those who defend in higher courts and those who practice and defend in lower courts. In the United States, lawyers often specialize in limited areas of law, such as criminal, divorce, corporate, probate, or personal injury, but many are involved in general practice.
In France, different types of professionals and even non-specialists deal with different aspects of legal practice. The most prestigious is the avocado, on par with a magistrate or a law professor. Much like a British lawyer, Avocado’s main function is to defend in court. In France, as in most civil law countries, witness examination is conducted by magistrates rather than lawyers, as in common law countries. In defense, advocates develop their arguments and point out inconsistencies in the testimony of witnesses. This is the main avenue open to advocates to persuade courts, both legally and factually. Previously, besides avocados, there were also avoués and agrés. The former represented the litigants in all procedural matters except oral presentations, prepared briefings and negotiated settlements, while a small number of the latter were represented in certain commercial courts. Today, the distinction between wealth and avocado has been abolished in all courts except the Court of Appeal, and wealth continues to be enforced as before.
In addition to these specialized groups, there are non-professional legal counselors who provide advice on a variety of legal matters, often employed by business companies. Almost all civil law countries have a notary public (see Notary public) with the exclusive right to handle matters such as marriage agreements and wills.
In Germany, a distinction is made between lawyers and notaries. However, German lawyers serve as a much smaller courtroom than French Avocados because presentation on legal issues is limited and litigation is often left to junior partners. Attorneys are often limited to practicing in courts in a specific area. The limitation is that certain attorneys practice only in courts of appeals, often requiring new attorneys for each level of litigation. In Germany, lawyers are more employed in government officials than in common law countries.
In communist countries, lawyers were widely used as advisors to government agencies, but to a much lesser extent representing individuals. See also advocacy. barrister; solicitor.